Fors Clavigera, Volume 1

John Ruskin

Fors Clavigera, Volume 1, by John Ruskin - click to see full size image

Available to download for free in PDF, epub, and Kindle (mobi and AZW3) ebook formats. Or read online.
Skip straight to downloads.


Fors Clavigera: Letters to the Workmen and Labourers of Great Britain is a series by English writer and philosopher John Ruskin, first published in the 1870s. This is the first volume of eight that consisted of a series of letters addressed to British workmen, that were originally published in the form of pamphlets. The letters cover a wide range of subjects that Ruskin believed would effectively convey his moral and social vision, which he initially expressed in his 1860 book, Unto This Last. His primary focus was to cultivate a notion of moral worth within genuine labor. The 'Fors' part of the title means three powers, and the Clavigera comes Force, symbolised by the club (clava) of Hercules; Fortitude, symbolised by the key (clavis) of Ulysses; and Fortune, symbolised by the nail (clavus) of Lycurgus.

№ 1 in the Fors Clavigera series.

This book has 65,376 words, 100 pages in the PDF version, and was originally published in 1871.

Production notes: This ebook of Fors Clavigera, Volume 1 was published by Global Grey on the 6th June 2023. The artwork used for the cover is 'Quarry Workers Crossing a Narrow Footbridge' by Friedrich von Keller.

Download for ereaders (below donate buttons)

Related ebooks...