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Agamemnon

Agamemnon

Aeschylus

Agamemnon tells the story of the homecoming of Agamemnon, King of Argos, from the Trojan War. Waiting at home for him is his wife, Clytemnestra, who has been planning his murder as revenge for the sacrifice of their daughter, Iphigenia. Furthermore, in the ten years of Agamemnon’s absence, Clytemnestra has entered into an adulterous relationship…

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Ajax

Ajax

Sophocles

Sophocles’s Ajax is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BC. The date of Ajax’s first performance is unknown and may never be found, but most scholars regard it as an early work, circa 450 – 430 B.C. It chronicles the fate of the warrior Ajax after the events of the Iliad, but before the end of the Trojan War.

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Alcestis

Alcestis

Euripides

Alcestis is an Athenian tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides. It was first produced at the City Dionysia festival in 438 BCE. Euripides presented it as the final part of a tetralogy of unconnected plays in the competition of tragedies, for which he won second prize. In the play’s prologue, the god Apollo comes out from Admetus’ palace in…

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Andromache

Andromache

Euripides

During the Trojan War, Achilles killed Andromache’s husband Hector. The Greeks threw Andromache and Hector’s child Astyanax from the Trojan walls for fear that he would grow up and avenge his father and city. Andromache was made a slave of Achilles’ son Neoptolemus. Euripides dramatised these events ten years after Andromache in his tragedy The Trojan…

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Antigone

Antigone

Sophocles

Antigone is a tragedy by Sophocles written in or before 441 BC. Chronologically, it is the third of the three Theban plays but was written first. The play expands on the Theban legend that predated it and picks up where Aeschylus’ Seven Against Thebes ends.

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Aphrodite

Aphrodite

Pierre Louÿs

On the heels of Bilitis, Pierre Louys published his first novel, Aphrodite in 1896. It was a bestseller, selling 350,000 copies, sealing Louys’ reputation as a popular author of erotic literature. Set in Ptolemaic Alexandria, at a much later date than Bilitis, Aphrodite is as much a love story as a crime story. Louys’ decadent, sensual vision of Egypt…

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The Apology

The Apology

Plato

The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of ‘corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel’. “The Apology” here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the word “apologia”) of speaking in defense…

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The Argonautica

The Argonautica

Apollonius

The Argonautica tells the story of the journey of Jason and the Argonauts to the land of Colchis in search of the Golden Fleece. The story of the Argonauts was a traditional cycle of myths which Apollonius of Rhodes wove into this saga at the turn of the third century BCE. Apollonius, born about 270 BC, was a librarian at the great Library…

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Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans

Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans

Franz Cumont

This is a study of star-worship collected from all available astrological and astronomical texts from antiquity. This book summarizes the authors knowledge and theories on this subject. Cumont shows that astronomical knowledge was developed over time in the ancient Near East, eventually allowing prediction of phenomena such as the location of the planets…

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Bulfinch’s Mythology, The Age of Fable

Bulfinch's Mythology, The Age of Fable

Thomas Bulfinch

The Age of Fable, or Stories of Gods and Heroes is the first part of Bulfinch’s Mythology, the other two being The Age of Chivalry, or Legends of King Arthur, and, Legends of Charlemagne, or Romance of the Middle Ages. Chapters include: Prometheus and Pandora; Apollo and Daphne — Pyramus and Thisbe — Cephalus and Procris; Juno and Her Rivals, Io and Callisto — Diana and Actaeon — Latona and the Rustics; Phaeton; Midas — Baucis and Philemon…

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