The American Crisis

The American Crisis

Thomas Paine

A pamphlet series originally published during the American Revolution. Paine, like many other politicians and scholars, knew that the Colonists weren’t going to support the American Revolutionary War without proper reason to do so. The pamphlets were written in a language that the common man could understand, and represented Paine’s liberal philosophy. He also used references to God. His writings bolstered the morale…

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Anarchism and Other Essays

Anarchism and Other Essays

Emma Goldman

Chapters include: Anarchism: What It Really Stands For; Minorities Versus Majorities; The Psychology Of Political Violence; Prisons: A Social Crime And Failure; Patriotism: A Menace To Liberty; Francisco Ferrer And The Modern School; The Hypocrisy Of Puritanism; The Traffic In Women; Woman Suffrage; The Tragedy Of Woman’s Emancipation; Marriage And Love; and, The Modern Drama: A Powerful Disseminator Of Radical Thought.

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Ancient Society

Ancient Society

Lewis H. Morgan

Ancient Society is a book which builds on the data about kinship and social organization presented in Morgan’s 1871 ‘Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family’. It develops his theory of the three stages of human progress, i.e., from Savagery through Barbarism to Civilization. Contemporary European social theorists such as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were influenced by Morgan’s work on social structure and material culture.

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Anticipations

Anticipations

H. G. Wells

In 1901, H. G. Wells attempted to predict the future in this book, a fascinating mix of accurate forecasts, (development of cars, buses and trucks, use of flying machines in combat, decline of permanent marriage), and wild misses, including the prediction that submarines will suffocate their crews at sea.

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Areopagitica

Areopagitica

John Milton

A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England is a 1644 prose polemical tract by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship. Areopagitica is among history’s most influential and impassioned philosophical defences of the principle of a right to freedom of speech and expression. It is regarded as one of the most….

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The City of the Sun

The City of the Sun

Tommaso Campanella

First published in 1602, this is a philosophical work by the Italian Dominican philosopher Tommaso Campanella. The book is presented as a dialogue between ‘a Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller and a Genoese Sea-Captain’. Inspired by Plato’s Republic and the description of Atlantis in Timaeus, it describes a theocratic society where goods, women and children are held in common. It also resembles the City of Adocentyn…

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Civil Disobedience

Civil Disobedience

Henry David Thoreau

In this essay, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican–American War.

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Common Sense

Common Sense

Thomas Paine

Thomas Paines cry to the American people to get rid of the pesky British Rulers. Even though he was a Deist, he cleverly used Biblical references to appeal to a larger audience. It worked. Selling over half a million copies (a hell of a lot in those days), it was believed to be “the most incendiary and popular pamphlet of the entire revolutionary era”. Basically, by writing this pamphlet, Paine spurred…

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The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

The Communist Manifesto (Das Kommunistische Manifest), originally titled Manifesto of the Communist Party, has been recognized as one of the world’s most influential political manuscripts. Commissioned by the Communist League, it laid out the League’s purposes and program. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism, rather than a prediction of communism’s potential…

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Discourses of Niccolo Machiavelli

Discourses of Niccolo Machiavelli

Niccolo Machiavelli

The Discourses on Livy is a work of political history and philosophy written in the early 16th century. The title identifies the work’s subject as the first ten books of Livy’s Ab urbe condita, which relate the expansion of Rome through the end of the Third Samnite War in 293 BCE. Machiavelli frequently describes Romans and other ancient peoples…

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