The Duties of the Heart

The Duties of the Heart

Rabbi Bachye

Part of the Wisdom of the East series, this short book is translated from the work of Rabbi Bachye, who wrote one of the first systematic treatments of philosophical Ethics in 12th century Spain. This was during a period of Jewish intellectual cross-fertilization with Islamic culture. Although Bachye was an orthodox Rabbi, he treats Ethics (the Duties of the Heart, in his words) as a universal science, derived from first…

More Info

Politics

Politics

Aristotle

Twenty-three centuries after its compilation, ‘The Politics’ still has much to contribute to this central question of political science. Aristotle’s thorough and carefully argued analysis is based on a study of over 150 city constitutions, covering a huge range of political issues in order to establish which types of constitution are best – both ideally and in particular circumstances – and how they may be maintained.

More Info

Areopagitica

Areopagitica

John Milton

A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England is a 1644 prose polemical tract by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship. Areopagitica is among history’s most influential and impassioned philosophical defences of the principle of a right to freedom of speech and expression. It is regarded as one of the most….

More Info

A Problem in Modern Ethics

A Problem in Modern Ethics

John Addington Symonds

This historically significant essay was one of the first attempts in modern times to examine homosexuality, putting it in a medical, historical and legal context, and to propose that civil rights should be extended to gay people. Along with Edward Carpenter and Walt Whitman, Symonds was one of the pioneers of gay rights and spirituality. Symonds was…

More Info

The Apology

The Apology

Plato

The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of ‘corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel’. “The Apology” here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the word “apologia”) of speaking in defense of a cause or of one’s beliefs or actions. The Apology begins…

More Info

Apollonius Of Tyana

Apollonius Of Tyana

G. R. S. Mead

Apollonius Of Tyana was an ancient Greek philosopher. This book, published in 1901, does its best to discover who Apollonius really was. Mead delves into his early life, looking at his biographer, the texts and literature about him, his sayings and sermons, and his writings and letters. A short book, but one which gives valuable insight into one of the most famous philoshopers of ancient time.

More Info

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

David Hume

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is a book by the Scottish empiricist philosopher David Hume, published in English in 1748. It was a revision of an earlier effort, Hume’s A Treatise of Human Nature, published anonymously in London in 1739–40. The argument of the Enquiry proceeds by a series of incremental steps, separated…

More Info

Anarchism and Other Essays

Anarchism and Other Essays

Emma Goldman

Chapters include: Anarchism: What It Really Stands For; Minorities Versus Majorities; The Psychology Of Political Violence; Prisons: A Social Crime And Failure; Patriotism: A Menace To Liberty; Francisco Ferrer And The Modern School; The Hypocrisy Of Puritanism; The Traffic In Women; Woman Suffrage; The Tragedy Of Woman’s Emancipation; Marriage And Love; and, The Modern Drama: A Powerful Disseminator Of Radical Thought.

More Info

The Analects

The Analects

Confucius

The Analects, or Lunyu, also known as the Analects of Confucius, is the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been written by Confucius’ followers. It is believed to have been written during the Warring States period (475 BC–221 BC), and it achieved its final form during the mid-Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD)…

More Info