The Monadology

The Monadology

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

The Monadology is one of Gottfried Leibniz’s best known works representing his later philosophy. It is a short text which sketches in some 90 paragraphs a metaphysics of simple substances, or monads. In it, he offers a new solution to mind and matter interaction by means of a pre-established harmony expressed as the ‘Best of all possible worlds’ form of optimism.

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The Science of Right

The Science of Right

Immanuel Kant

The Science of Right has for its object the principles of all the laws which it is possible to promulgate by external legislation. Where there is such a legislation, it becomes, in actual application to it, a system of positive right and law; and he who is versed in the knowledge of this system is called a jurist or jurisconsult…

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Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals

Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals

Immanuel Kant

Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (also known as the Foundations/Fundamentals of the Metaphysics of Morals, Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals and the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals) is the first of Immanuel Kant’s mature works on moral philosophy and remains one of the most influential in the field. It is broken…

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The Critique of Judgement Part I: Critique of Aesthetic Judgement

The Critique of Judgement Part I: Critique of Aesthetic Judgement

Immanuel Kant

The Critique of Judgment, also known as the third Critique, is a 1790 philosophical work by Immanuel Kant. In it, Kant lays the foundations for modern aesthetics. In this, the first part of the book, the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment, Kant discusses the four possible “reflective judgments”: the agreeable, the beautiful, the sublime, and the good. He makes it clear that these are the only four possible reflective judgments, as he…

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On Liberty

On Liberty

John Stuart Mill

On Liberty is a philosophical work by English philosopher John Stuart Mill, originally intended as a short essay. The work, published in 1859, applies Mill’s ethical system of utilitarianism to society and the state. He attempts to establish standards for the relationship between authority and liberty. He emphasizes the importance of…

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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

John Stuart Mill

Utilitarianism is a philosophical defence of utilitarianism in ethics. The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser’s Magazine in 1861; the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in 1863. It went through four editions during Mill’s lifetime with minor additions and revisions. Although Mill…

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Verses of Vemana

Verses of Vemana

C. P. Brown

Kumaragiri Vema Reddy popularly known as Vemana was a great Telugu philosopher and poet, who lived sometime in the seventeenth century. He composed numerous poems in the vernacular of Telugu. His poems are four lines in length. He traveled widely across south India, acquiring popularity as a poet and Yogi. So high was the regard for Vemana…

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