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The Analects

The Analects

Confucius

The Analects, or Lunyu, also known as the Analects of Confucius, is the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been written by Confucius’ followers. It is believed to have been written during the Warring States period (475 BC–221 BC), and it achieved…

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Anarchism and Other Essays

Anarchism and Other Essays

Emma Goldman

Chapters include: Anarchism: What It Really Stands For; Minorities Versus Majorities; The Psychology Of Political Violence; Prisons: A Social Crime And Failure; Patriotism: A Menace To Liberty; Francisco Ferrer And The Modern School; The Hypocrisy Of Puritanism; The Traffic In Women; Woman Suffrage; The Tragedy Of Woman’s Emancipation; Marriage…

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The Antichrist

The Antichrist

Friedrich Nietzsche

The Antichrist is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1895. Although it was written in 1888, its controversial content caused its publication to be delayed. The reference to the Antichrist is not intended to refer to the biblical Antichrist but is rather an attack on the “slave morality” and apathy of Western…

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The Apology

The Apology

Plato

The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of ‘corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel’. “The Apology” here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the word “apologia”) of speaking in defense…

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Areopagitica

Areopagitica

John Milton

A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England is a 1644 prose polemical tract by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship. Areopagitica is among history’s most influential and impassioned philosophical defences of the principle of a right…

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Beyond Good and Evil

Beyond Good and Evil

Friedrich Nietzsche

A fascinating critique of past philosophers. From the Preface: ‘SUPPOSING that Truth is a woman—what then? Is there not ground for suspecting that all philosophers, in so far as they have been dogmatists, have failed to understand women—that the terrible seriousness and clumsy importunity with which they have usually paid their addresses to Truth, have…

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The Birth of Tragedy

The Birth of Tragedy

Friedrich Nietzsche

A compelling argument for the necessity for art in life, Nietzsche’s first book is fuelled by his enthusiasms for Greek tragedy, for the philosophy of Schopenhauer and for the music of Wagner, to whom this work was dedicated. Nietzsche outlined a distinction between its two central forces: the Apolline, representing beauty and order, and the Dionysiac…

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The City of the Sun

The City of the Sun

Tommaso Campanella

First published in 1602, this is a philosophical work by the Italian Dominican philosopher Tommaso Campanella. The book is presented as a dialogue between ‘a Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller and a Genoese Sea-Captain’. Inspired by Plato’s Republic and the description of Atlantis in Timaeus, it describes a theocratic society…

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