The Analects

The Analects

Confucius

The Analects, or Lunyu, also known as the Analects of Confucius, is the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been written by Confucius’ followers. It is believed to have been written during the Warring States period (475 BC–221 BC), and it achieved its final form during the mid-Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD)…

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Anarchism and Other Essays

Anarchism and Other Essays

Emma Goldman

Chapters include: Anarchism: What It Really Stands For; Minorities Versus Majorities; The Psychology Of Political Violence; Prisons: A Social Crime And Failure; Patriotism: A Menace To Liberty; Francisco Ferrer And The Modern School; The Hypocrisy Of Puritanism; The Traffic In Women; Woman Suffrage; The Tragedy Of Woman’s Emancipation; Marriage And Love; and, The Modern Drama: A Powerful Disseminator Of Radical Thought.

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The Antichrist

The Antichrist

Friedrich Nietzsche

The Antichrist is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1895. Although it was written in 1888, its controversial content caused its publication to be delayed. The reference to the Antichrist is not intended to refer to the biblical Antichrist but is rather an attack on the “slave morality” and apathy of Western Christianity. Nietzsche’s basic claim is that Christianity…

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Apollonius Of Tyana

Apollonius Of Tyana

G. R. S. Mead

Apollonius Of Tyana was an ancient Greek philosopher. This book, published in 1901, does its best to discover who Apollonius really was. Mead delves into his early life, looking at his biographer, the texts and literature about him, his sayings and sermons, and his writings and letters. A short book, but one which gives valuable insight into one of the most famous philoshopers of ancient time.

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The Apology

The Apology

Plato

The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of ‘corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel’. “The Apology” here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the word “apologia”) of speaking in defense of a cause or of one’s beliefs or actions. The Apology begins…

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Areopagitica

Areopagitica

John Milton

A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England is a 1644 prose polemical tract by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship. Areopagitica is among history’s most influential and impassioned philosophical defences of the principle of a right to freedom of speech and expression. It is regarded as one of the most….

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Beyond Good and Evil

Beyond Good and Evil

Friedrich Nietzsche

A fascinating critique of past philosophers. From the Preface: ‘SUPPOSING that Truth is a woman—what then? Is there not ground for suspecting that all philosophers, in so far as they have been dogmatists, have failed to understand women—that the terrible seriousness and clumsy importunity with which they have usually paid their addresses to Truth, have been unskilled and unseemly methods for winning a woman? Certainly she has…

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The Birth of Tragedy

The Birth of Tragedy

Friedrich Nietzsche

A compelling argument for the necessity for art in life, Nietzsche’s first book is fuelled by his enthusiasms for Greek tragedy, for the philosophy of Schopenhauer and for the music of Wagner, to whom this work was dedicated. Nietzsche outlined a distinction between its two central forces: the Apolline, representing beauty and order, and the Dionysiac, a primal or ecstatic reaction to the sublime. He believed the…

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A Brief History Of Early Chinese Philosophy

A Brief History Of Early Chinese Philosophy

Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki

Since the last political revolution, China has become the cynosure of all the world. But, unfortunately, there are only a few scholars who really understand its people and their ways of thinking. If this first humble attempt to expound, more or less systematically, some of the fundamental features of their thought, which were manifested during the Ante-Ch’in period, will contribute somewhat to the interpretation of this long-misunderstood…

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The Canon of Reason and Virtue

The Canon of Reason and Virtue

Daisetsu Teitaro Suzuki and Paul Carus

From the Foreword: ‘This booklet, The Canon of Reason and Virtue, is an extract from the author’s larger work, Lao-Tze’s Tao Teh King, and has been published for the purpose of making our reading public more familiar with that grand and imposing figure Li Er, who was honored with the posthumous title Poh-Yang, i. e., Prince Positive (representing the male or strong principle); but whom his countrymen…

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The City of the Sun

The City of the Sun

Tommaso Campanella

First published in 1602, this is a philosophical work by the Italian Dominican philosopher Tommaso Campanella. The book is presented as a dialogue between ‘a Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller and a Genoese Sea-Captain’. Inspired by Plato’s Republic and the description of Atlantis in Timaeus, it describes a theocratic society where goods, women and children are held in common. It also resembles the City of Adocentyn…

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Civil Disobedience

Civil Disobedience

Henry David Thoreau

In this essay, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican–American War.

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