Julian, Philosopher and Emporer and the Last Struggle of Paganism Against Christianity

Julian, Philosopher and Emporer and the Last Struggle of Paganism Against Christianity

Alice Gardner

Chapters include: The Roman World Under Constantine: Parentage of Julian, His Birth and Childhood, Career and End of His Brother Gallus; Julian’s Academic Education; Julian’s Elevation to the Caesarship; Julian’s Caesarship in Gaul; Military Movements in East and West, Julian Becomes Emperor; Death of Constantius, and the Beginning of Julian’s Reign as Sole Augustus; Julian’s Religion and Philosophy; Julian as Religious Reformer and…

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Etruscan Roman Remains in Popular Tradition

Etruscan Roman Remains in Popular Tradition

Charles G. Leland

This is essentially an ethnography of practical magic with an Italian flavor. We meet the Goddess of Truffles, learn the details of divining by oil, fire and molten lead; how to bring back the dead, and coerce nature spirits into performing favors. Leland carefully documents his field notes, and includes the full text of numerous spells and songs in Italian, particularly the Tuscan dialect. The text…

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The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Volume 1

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Volume 1

J. Williams (Ab Ithel)

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg is a collection of writings, largely forged, about ancient Welsh Bardic and Druidic beliefs. Although the author of this work is cited as J. Williams Ab Ithel, he was actually the editor, who pieced it together from manuscripts written by Iolo Morganwg (1747-1826), born Edward Williams, a native speaker of both English and Welsh, who spent his entire life collecting and…

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Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans

Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans

Franz Cumont

This is a study of star-worship collected from all available astrological and astronomical texts from antiquity. Cumont shows that astronomical knowledge was developed over time in the ancient Near East, eventually allowing prediction of phenomena such as the location of the planets, the phases of the moon, and eclipses. This knowledge was used as the basis of a religious system which was integrated into Greek…

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Two Orations of the Emperor Julian

Two Orations of the Emperor Julian

Thomas Taylor

This is a rare translation of two works on pagan theology with a Platonic theme by the Roman Emperor Julian. The short-lived Emperor Julian suceeded Constantius in 361 CE. He shocked the empire by renouncing Christianity, which earned him the title ‘the Apostate’ by Church historians. He issued an edict of religious freedom, rebuilt the Pagan…

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The Gardnerian Book of Shadows

The Gardnerian Book of Shadows

Gerald B. Gardner

In one sense, this is the central sacred text of the Wicca religion. However, it is important to point out that there is no ‘official’ Book of Shadows. Typically each coven has a hand-written copy of a Book of Shadows, sometimes in cypher or code, which reflects its own practices and knowledge. This particular text is derived from a file posted on the Internet in the early 90s, and quotes previously published material which was known…

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The Worship of the Generative Powers

The Worship of the Generative Powers

Thomas Wright

This work first appeared as the second half of the 1865 printing of A Discourse on the Worship of Priapus. Wright’s extended essay on Phallic worship is distinguished by much better scholarship and writing than some of the other works of this genre. Along with the usual suspects (ancient and modern phallic objects, fertility rituals and so on) Wright devotes the longest section of this text to exploring…

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The Four Ancient Books of Wales

The Four Ancient Books of Wales

William F. Skene

This is William Skene’s anthology of dark-age Welsh Bardic poetry. Often cited, but difficult to obtain, this book contains every remaining piece of Bardic poetry known. The poems are translated from four manuscripts: the Black Book of Caermarthen, the Red Book of Hergest (which is also the source of the Mabinogion), the Book of Taliessin and the Book of Aneurin, all of which date from the twelfth to the fifteenth…

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The Syrian Goddess

The Syrian Goddess

Lucian

Lucian of Samosata’s De Dea Syria, (the Syrian Goddess) is one of the most ‘notorious’ classical writings. Not only does it acknowledge that at one time a paramount Goddess was worshipped in regions of the Ancient Near East, it goes into details of the practices of her devotees which later generations considered reprehensible. Nonetheless De Dea played an important role in the development of modern Neopaganism…

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Stonehenge: To-Day and Yesterday

Stonehenge: To-Day and Yesterday

Frank Stevens

Chapters include; Stonehenge Summarised; Salisbury Plain; Stonehenge; The Lithology Of Stonehenge; The Stones Without The Circle; The Building Of Stonehenge; When Was Stonehenge Erected?; What Was Stonehenge?; The Druid Question; The Barrows Of Salisbury Plain; and, Valedictory.

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Poems of Paganism

Poems of Paganism

L. Cranmer-Byng

Poems Of Paganism, or Songs of Life and Love, contains 60 poems. Just exactly how ‘pagan’ they are, I don’t really know; I’ve come to the conclusion that to a Christian back in the late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries, anything that wasn’t Christian, was classed as Pagan.

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