Caesar’s Column

Caesar's Column

Ignatius Donnelly

This 1890 book has been variously categorized as science fiction, speculative fiction, dystopian fiction, and/or apocalyptic fiction; one critic has termed it an “Apocalyptic Utopia.”

Herland

Herland

Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Herland is a utopian novel from 1915, written by feminist Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The book describes an isolated society composed entirely of women, who reproduce via asexual reproduction. The result is an ideal social order: free of war, conflict, and domination.

The Iron Heel

The Iron Heel

Jack London

Published in 1908, this novel is set way into the future. A manuscript by Avis Everhard, a revolutionist, has been found, dating back to the early part of the twentieth century. The manuscript is analyzed by scholar Anthony Meredith, who lives in 2060. The novel/manuscript follows the rise of the Iron Heel, the Oligarchy which crushed a…

Looking Backward

Looking Backward

Edward Bellamy

A huge bestseller in its day, Looking Backwards is a pure Utopian novel set in the USA in the year 2000. Bellamy predicts shopping malls, mass media and, most notably, credit cards. The whole of future society is explored, one component at a time. It was the third-largest bestseller of its time and in the United States alone, over…

A Modern Utopia

A Modern Utopia

H. G. Wells

In his preface to this book, Wells forecast (incorrectly) that A Modern Utopia would be the last of a series of volumes on social problems that began in 1901 with Anticipations and included Mankind in the Making (1903). But unlike those non-fictional works, A Modern Utopia is presented as a tale told by a sketchily described character…

New Atlantis

New Atlantis

Francis Bacon

New Atlantis is a utopian novel by Sir Francis Bacon, published in Latin (as Nova Atlantis) in 1624 and in English in 1627. In this work, Bacon portrayed a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge, expressing his aspirations and ideals for humankind. The novel depicts the creation of a utopian land where “generosity and enlightenment…

News from Nowhere

News from Nowhere

William Morris

In News from Nowhere, the narrator, William Guest, falls asleep after returning from a meeting of the Socialist League and awakes to find himself in a future society based on common ownership and democratic control of the means of production. In this society there is no private property, no big cities, no authority, no monetary…

The Sleeper Awakes

The Sleeper Awakes

H. G. Wells

The Sleeper Awakes is a dystopian science fiction novel by H. G. Wells about a man who sleeps for two hundred and three years, waking up in a completely transformed London, where, because of compound interest on his bank accounts, he has become the richest man in the world. The main character awakes to see his dreams realised…

Symzonia; Voyage of Discovery

Symzonia; Voyage of Discovery

Adam Seaborn

This is among the first and rarest of the Hollow Earth books. In the early 19th century, John Cleves Symmes proposed that the earth was actually a set of five nested spheres, each with polar openings. He unsuccessfully lobbied congress to fund an expedition to the poles to investigate this theory. This novel, based on Symmes’ theories…

Unveiling a Parallel, A Romance

Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Merchant

Unveiling a Parallel: A Romance is a feminist science fiction and utopian novel published in 1893. The unnamed narrator, a man, arrives at Mars after a flight by ‘aeroplane.’ Mars is much like Earth, and inhabited by Earth-like flora and fauna. Where it differs is in the social roles of the genders. Women occupy a place of equality…

Utopia

Utopia

Thomas More

Published in 1516, and originally composed in the Latin language, this book is a frame narrative primarily depicting a fictional island society and its religious, social and political customs.