Religious Cults Associated With the Amazons

Religious Cults Associated With the Amazons

Florence Mary Bennett

Explores the possible religious beliefs and the legends of the Amazons as well as the goddess cults of ancient Greece and Asia Minor. The author describes in great detail what is known about ancient goddess worship through primary documents. She describes many details that are taken for granted today, such as the double axe symbol…

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The Secret History of Procopius

The Secret History of Procopius

Richard Atwater

Procopius of Caesarea, who accompanied the Roman general Belisarius in the wars of the Emperor Justinian, became the principal historian of the 6th century. Whilst alive, his books were in favour of Justinian, but this book, written for posthumous publication and not discovered until centuries later, is not only really critical…

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The Dionysian Artificers

The Dionysian Artificers

Hippolyto Joseph Da Costa

This essay, published in 1820, was an attempt to prove that modern Freemasonry derived from ancient Greek philosophical and religious ideas. Hippolyto da Costa (1774-1823), was a Brazilian journalist, author, Freemason and world traveller. He was imprisoned for being a Freemason by the Inquisition in Portugal in 1802; he escaped in 1805.

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Plutarch’s Lives

Plutarch's Lives

Plutarch

Plutarch’s Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, commonly called Parallel Lives or Plutarch’s Lives, is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings, written in the late 1st century. The surviving Parallel Lives contain twenty-three pairs of biographies, each pair consisting…

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Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans

Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans

Franz Cumont

This is a study of star-worship collected from all available astrological and astronomical texts from antiquity. Cumont shows that astronomical knowledge was developed over time in the ancient Near East, eventually allowing prediction of phenomena such as the location of the planets, the phases of the moon, and eclipses. This knowledge was used as the basis of a religious system which was integrated into Greek…

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Iphigenia At Aulis

Iphigenia At Aulis

Euripides

The play revolves around Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek coalition before and during the Trojan War, and his decision to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia, to appease the goddess Artemis and allow his troops to set sail to preserve their honour in battle against Troy. The conflict between Agamemnon and Achilles over the fate of the young woman presages a similar conflict between the two at the beginning of the….

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The Trojan Women

The Trojan Women

Euripides

The Trojan Women, also known as Troades, is a tragedy produced in 415 BC during the Peloponnesian War. It is often considered a commentary on the capture of the Aegean island of Melos and the subsequent slaughter and subjugation of its populace by the Athenians earlier that year. The four Trojan women of the play are the same that appear in the final book of the Iliad lamenting over the corpse of Hector.

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The Trachiniae

The Trachiniae

Sophocles

The Trachiniae (also known as “The Trachinian Women”) is a tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Sophocles. The title refers to the Chorus (onlookers and commentators on the action) rather than to the chief protagonists, who are the Greek hero Heracles and his jealous wife, Deianeira.

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Tetrabiblos

Tetrabiblos

Claudius Ptolemy

Tetrabiblos (‘four books’), also known in Greek as Apotelesmatiká, and in Latin as Quadripartitum, is a text on the philosophy and practice of astrology, written in the 2nd century AD by the Alexandrian scholar Claudius Ptolemy. Ptolemy’s Almagest was an authoritative text on astronomy for more than a thousand years, and the Tetrabiblos, its companion volume, was equally influential in astrology, the study of the effects of astronomical…

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A Problem in Greek Ethics

A Problem in Greek Ethics

John Addington Symonds

This book is a ground-breaking study of the Greek institution of paiderastia. This was a custom by which adolescent men made alliances with older men of a romantic and sexual nature. The young men in question were the same age as contemporary teen pop stars (aproximately from puberty to the Athenian age of majority, 21). And they were treated similarly, as celebrities, showered with gifts and attention, and fought over by lovers…

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