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Politics By Aristotle


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Twenty-three centuries after its compilation, 'The Politics' still has much to contribute to this central question of political science. Aristotle's thorough and carefully argued analysis is based on a study of over 150 city constitutions, covering a huge range of political issues in order to establish which types of constitution are best - both ideally and in particular circumstances - and how they may be maintained.

Book Information

Format: Global Grey edition. Fully formatted with active table of contents, and in the pdf version, bookmarks.

Pages: 200

Publication Date: This translation by Benjamin Jowett, 1885

Illustrations: No

Book Excerpt

EVERY STATE is a community of some kind, and every community is established with a view to some good; for mankind always act in order to obtain that which they think good. But, if all communities aim at some good, the state or political community, which is the highest of all, and which embraces all the rest, aims at good in a greater degree than any other, and at the highest good.
Some people think that the qualifications of a statesman, king, householder, and master are the same, and that they differ, not in kind, but only in the number of their subjects. For example, the ruler over a few is called a master; over more, the manager of a household; over a still larger number, a statesman or king, as if there were no difference between a great household and a small state.

Author Information


Aristotle (384 BCE – 322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher born in Stagirus. At the age of eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained until the age of thirty-seven, around 347 BCE. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Shortly after Plato died, he left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great starting from 343 BCE. His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. Though he wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues, it is thought that only around a third of his original output has survived. The sum of his work's influence, often ranks him among the world's top personalities of all time with the greatest influence, along with his teacher Plato, and his pupil Alexander the Great.

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